The Macchiaioli revolutionised Italian painting in the nineteenth-century. The eighty works on display here trace the evolution of this artistic movement that originated in Florence – one of Europe’s most culturally vibrant cities that attracted intellectuals from all over Italy – in the second half of the 19th century. A group of young artists used to meet at the Caffè Michelangelo in Florence, united by a desire to rebel against the academic system and paint more realistic subjects. They came to be known as the Macchiaioli, a name that was first used in a derogatory way by a critic but which was later adopted by the group itself, who thought it embodied the philosophy underlying their art perfectly.
A visit to the exhibition, set up in the Fortress of Bard’s Cannon Room, starts with paintings by Serafino de Tivoli, a precursor of the Macchiaioli revolution, and then moves on to explore the work of more mature exponents of the Macchia [lit. patches or spots] technique: Silvestro Lega, Telemaco Signorini, Vincenzo Cabianca, Raffaello Sernesi, Odoardo Borrani and Cristiano Banti.
There are a number of paintings of historical interest, including Giovanni Fattori’s soldiers, as well as works by protagonists of the group painted after 1860s, when the experimental inventiveness of the Macchiaioli loses some of its earlier harshness and rigour and acquires a more relaxed style, open to the calmer trend towards naturalism that was sweeping Europe. The exhibition is curated by Simona Bartolena.
Weekdays: 10.00 | 18.00
Saturday, Sunday, public holidays: 10.00 | 19.00
Dates and times may vary in the event of closures decided by the Italian authorities on the basis of regional risk indicators.
Full: € 10
Reduced (6 – 18; over 65): € 8
Schools: € 5
Fort Bard Association
T. + 39 0125 833811