Abstractism in Europe from Malevich to Kandinsky is the title of the exhibition of art hosted in Forte di Bard from January 31th to June 2nd, 2015. More than 80 works of art, mostly oils and drawings of extraordinary value, belonging to a German prestigious and private collection, for the first time exhibited in Italy and only twice previously exposed in Europe.
The collection, assembled with passion and perseverance over the years, is a core theme with historical and geographical aspects of great interest: the works admirably illustrate the artistic trends of Eastern and Central Europe during the first half of the twentieth century, with particular attention to the emergence of abstract painting and the movement of non-figurative art that followed, and widely spread throughout Europe.
From 1910, in a climate of general renewal of the artistic language, it develops different tendencies within the German, Russian, Czech and Dutch abstract avant-garde movements. Wassily Kandinsky (Moscow – 1866 Neuilly -sur-Seine 1944) occupies a prominent place in this artistic context.
Other Russian abstract artists in the exhibition are: Vladimir Tatlin, Alexander Rodchenko, El Lissitzky and Alexandra Exter. He developed his plastic language incorporating influences from Cubism and Futurism. Natalia Goncharova’s work of artcan be considered as a form of Russian Cubo – Futurism, a language that the artist will improve in Paris, where he moves in 1917.
Kasimir Malevich and Kandinsky may be the most important pioneer of abstract art. From the context of the Russian Cubo-Futurism, Malevich painted geometric shapes such as the square, the ball, the cross, giving rise to the movement of Suprematism: not a descriptive art, but a purely contemplative and spiritual.
The movement of Constructivism is represented by the works of László Moholy -Nagy, a leading member of the German Bauhaus. Max Bill (Abstraction -Creation ) and Georges Vantongerloo (De Stijl) testify the spread of an abstract – geometric language in Switzerland and the Netherlands.
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